1841 – Frontier Violence

Extreme violence and conflict along the Murray as stockmen attempt to drive stock over land, and Aboriginal peoples unite to resist. Lives were lost on both sides, especially during what is now called the Rufus River Massacre – when a punitive force sent out to reclaim stolen livestock killed around 30 Aboriginal people at Rufus River. Meanwhile, in Adelaide, The Adelaide Hospital opened its doors, and Governer grey forbade Teichelmann to preach or speak in the Kaurna language.